Top Programming Languages to Learn

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Are you a beginner? Or you are just a curious individual who is interested in knowing top programming language in 2018? Well, this article is more focused as a guide to beginners who are confused with which programming language to choose.

There are thousands of options, and the top programming language to kick-off with not only depends on the intuitive, or not, it also depends on the type of projects you aim to do, why you aim to program, or rather if you want to focus to this career professionally. Here is our small guide.

Why Aiming to Learn Programming?

It is likely that, based on what you aim to program or for what reason, the choice is already made even if you still do not know it. To program web pages, for example, you can focus on HTML, JavaScript, CSS, and maybe PHP for interactivity. If your goal is only to develop or build mobile applications, what you should learn, to begin with, would be Objective-C for iOS or Java for Android.

If what you want is to broaden your knowledge on a specific project, or you aim to learn several languages, the best thing to start is to learn basics of programming, and learn to "think like a programmer". In this sense, even the applications and methods to teach children how to program can be useful.

For example, the first formal programming course I attended beyond Basic was Harvard CS50. You can access this course for free from interactive projects such as Codeacademy. This principle, however, continues to leave us with the doubt of which language is the best, to begin with. Let's see the recommendations contrasted with the most popular languages.

Java:

Recognized for its simplicity and readability, it is amongst the most adopted programming languages, since it is present in 7 billion devices throughout the world. Its popularity is because it has managed to maintain its validity over the years, an issue that ensures the long-term functioning of the applications that use it.

An important fact: to master Java is amongst the skills most valued by employers in the last ranking developed by LinkedIn. Besides being used to create business programs and video games, it is used by 90% of the companies included in the Fortune 500 ranking.

C:

created several decades ago at the Bell Laboratories, it managed to position itself as one of the most traditional languages. In this sense, it is used for the development of desktop applications.

C ++:

This object-oriented language is a continuation and extension of C. Today there are many, different and top programs that are written in C ++, such as Adobe packages.

C #:

Developed by Microsoft to be used in a wide range of business applications executed in the .NET framework, it can also be looked upon as an evolution of C and C ++ that stands out for its simplicity.

Python:

It is multi-paradigm and multiplatform, which implies that it supports object orientation, functional and imperative programming. Among other features, it is simple and similar to the English language, two virtues that make it an ideal language for beginners. To observe its potential, you just have to bear in mind that Google, Dropbox, Pinterest, Instagram, Reddit, BitTorrent, among others, were developed with Python.

PHP:

Created by the Canadian programmer Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994 with the aim of being a set of tools for the maintenance of websites, has the particularity of being simple to use while offering many possibilities to develop web solutions, which is why it is used more and more both in India and in the world. In fact, it was used to create Facebook, Wikipedia, Yahoo, Tumblr, and WordPress, among many other websites.

Visual Basic .NET:

Individuals who do not have deep knowledge in programming are inclined by this language because it offers a simple syntax and allows you to create web applications.

Perl:

This multipurpose language is used to analyze data and texts as well as for the generation and processing of files, among others.

JavaScript:

This language should not be confused with Java because Javascript can be used to create programs that are then coupled to a website within larger programs. It is even used to perform interactive actions and create effects. What is developed with JavaScript? Calculators, services such as chat and search engines, among others.

Delphi/Object Pascal:

It is deemed a flexible proposal, and it utilizes the Object Pascal programming language. Today it is used to develop operating system services for console or visual applications.

The TIOBE Index is completed with the following languages:

  • Ruby
  • Visual Basic
  • Assembly Language digital house
  • Objective-C
  • Swift
  • MATLAB
  • PL / SQL
  • Groovy

One last consideration is to know if you really want to program only by Hobby, or you are going to turn that activity into something professional. In Dev/Code/Hack they have separated the most necessary languages and knowledge according to what part of the programming you want to dedicate.

  • Server or Back-end Programmer: PHP, .Net, Java, Ruby or Python. Knowledge of databases and possibly system administration.
  • Client Programmer or Front-end: CSS, HTML, Javascript. Design knowledge may be necessary.
  • Mobile Phone Programmer: Java (for Android) or Objective C. CSS/ HTML for mobile websites. Possible knowledge about servers.
  • 3D or Video Game Programmer: C / C ++, Animation, OpenGL. It is advisable to have a good dose of design and artistic knowledge.
  • High-Performance Programmer: C / C ++, Java, knowledge in mathematics and quantitative analysis.

In conclusion, there is no single way to kick-off the art of programming. The most recommended thing is to learn the basics, and for this, the best thing is to rack your brains trying to make a concrete project or an application that you want to create or develop. Having a specific goal helps a lot.

The very first programming language you ever learn will be the most difficult, so do many blogs say. Choosing a small, simple and fun project will make this process somewhat less difficult and more a small adventure. It doesn’t matter much from where you start as long as you do not abandon it. Keep reading code, keep writing code, do not forget to try what it does. Once comfortable in a language, moving on to the next will be easier and will bring you new skills.

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